The artwork-loving ruler amassed heaps of treasure during his lifetime a number of that can still be visible in the Green Vault in Dresden. The temptation to have his very own gold-maker was impossible to resist: after a quick dispute with the Prussian king who additionally had his eye on Böttger, August discreetly moved Böttger to Dresden in which he turned into strictly guarded and in fact imprisoned so he might not flee and take his mystery know-how approximately gold-making with him.
This went on for years. Böttger didn’t make gold, constantly claiming that he turned into “nearly there”. In 1704, he turned into paired with Walther von Tschirnhaus, another alchemist in August’s “custody” who had to begin with been on a look for the “truth seeker’s stone” on August’s request but had grew to become to experimenting with materials to make porcelain. Böttger in no way succeeded in making gold and Tschirnhaus never determined the logician’s stone. But collectively they developed the method the way to make “white gold” – tough paste porcelain.
Tschirnhaus did now not live to the huge success in their invention. He died in 1708, 2 years before the overjoyed August the Strong based the first European porcelain manufacturing facility in Meissen in 1710. Böttger became eventually granted his freedom in 1714 under the condition that he might now not leave the usa nor percentage the secret approximately porcelain-making with anybody. Oh, and finally, make gold… He exceeded away in 1719, being best 37 years vintage. Porcelain became the satisfaction and a treasured export of Saxony, imparting employment to many humans and luring awesome artists to Saxony to work inside the industry.
There is lots of confusion approximately “Meissen porcelain” and “Dresden porcelain” as they’re frequently used interchangeably inside the English-speakme international locations. The mistake is comprehensible whilst you realize that Meissen and Dresden are best about 16 miles aside. Meissen is the place of the primary porcelain factory based through August the Strong, but he resided in Dresden and his porcelain, characterised with the aid of the blue pass-swords stamp, became rather related to this metropolis, because the a great deal of it changed into offered here.
But in truth, “Meissen porcelain” and “Dresden porcelain” are 2 very different things. I do not suggest to mild the tremendous craftmanship and art of the Meissen porcelain. Its outstanding popularity round the arena is nicely-deserved and in the end, it’s miles the oldest porcelain factory in Europe. But you find it everywhere, new and antique, handed down, auctioned off on eBay… Dresden porcelain then again, is not that ubiquitous. You can discover it on eBay, however it’s miles nonetheless something not each person has, some thing for the porcelain connoisseur.
So, what is “Dresden porcelain”?
Carl-Johann Thieme turned into a professional porcelain painter who owned a small porcelain and antique save inside the middle of Dresden. In 1872 he decided to follow his largest dream and convey his own porcelain. He discovered a suitable area for his enterprise in the industrial district Potschappel simply out of doors Dresden and the “Sächsische Porzellan-Fabrik Carl Thieme zu Potschappel” opened in September 1872.
The factory prospered from the beginning and this fulfillment become largely due to porcelain modeler Carl August Kuntzsch who also happened to be Thieme’s own son in law. Kuntzsch created a floral décor that might become a completely unique trademark of Dresden porcelain and have become the factory’s director after Thieme’s death in 1912. The global wars affected the factory quite closely as exports caved in and valuable employees left or have been killed within the wars, however the manufacturing unit survived most effective to be expropriated little by little by the GDR authorities. Outside socialist East Germany, the stunning porcelain become quite popular, and the a hundred and eighty people mainly produced pieces for export to West Germany and the rest of Western Europe.
Following the German re-unification, the Dresden porcelain manufacturing unit experienced turbulent times. From a “people-owned socialist” agency it went into the arms of a believe until it become sold by French investors who went bankrupt not long afterwards. It exceeded via the palms of numerous owners till the Russian businessman Armenak S. Agababyan offered it in 2008 and gave it the tons-wanted monetary balance to maintain the manufacturing. Despite some americaand downs, the factory these days has again an first rate recognition for its home made and artistic porcelain.